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Parkdale-Maplewood Community Museum

Cylinder


Accession number: 2018.002
Object type: Phonograph
Date: circa 1900
Materials: Wax; Paper
Measurements: 10.2 cm H x 5.5 cm Diameter
Marks/Label: 3818 How Sandy Proposed Jones & Spencer along top edge
Description: Inside ridges, grooves outside, printing around top ridge.  Smooth band around top and bottom.
History of Use:
Edison wax cylinder phonograph c. 1899

Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound. Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder phonograph.[1] In the 1910s, the competing disc record system triumphed in the marketplace to become the dominant commercial audio medium.[2]